Basically, it is a normal and balanced breakfast for all people – with or without diabetes.
There is bad news about breakfast on World Diabetes Day: epidemiological studies have shown that abstinence from breakfast is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. According to experts, about 20% of Germans abstain from breakfast. The age group of 18 to 30 is still half. Among other things, it can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, as has been shown in a study.
Some have to eat something right after they get up, others can not eat for several hours in the morning. An assessment by the German Diabetes Center (DDZ) now shows that men and women who miss breakfast have a 33% higher risk for type 2 diabetes. Findings are published in the current issue of Journal of Nutrition.
However, it has never been possible to demonstrate in what context it is related to obesity.
Since obesity and obesity are important risk factors for type 2 diabetes, the researchers also looked at the body mass index. You could see that obese people are more likely to lose breakfast than normal people.
In addition, abstinence from breakfast is discussed with weight gain.
The highest risk was therefore observed for abstinence from breakfast for four to five days a week. Excessive weight is one of the biggest risk factors for type 2 diabetes, often called adult adult diabetes.
In their meta-analysis, the team of scientists summarized data from six different international observational studies. There was no increased risk from the fifth day after breakfast.
"This correlation is partly due to the effect of obesity and even after BMI has been taken into account, breakfast consumption has been associated with an increased risk of diabetes," says Schlesinger, a diabetes researcher. Participants who lose their breakfast may generally have a less favorable diet, e.g. consuming snacks and beverages containing calories, being less physically active or smoking more. However, you can imagine that a healthy lifestyle is associated with regular intake of breakfast per se. Further studies are necessary, says Schlesinger, who, in addition to clarifying the mechanisms, also explored the effect of breakfast composition on the risk of diabetes.