Friday , September 30 2022

National Obesity Prevention Day: DF Health Centers Help Facing the Problem | Federal District



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This Monday (11), the National Obesity Prevention Day. According to the Ministry of Health, overweight affects 96 million people in Brazil.

In the Federal District, according to the Primary Health Service, the problem was registered last year 55.04% of the elderly, 50.4% of pregnant women, 34.98% of adolescents, 27.9% of children aged 5 to 10 years old and 7.87% of children under 5 years of age answered.

  • OBEZITE: IBGE says the problem affects one in four adults in Brazil
  • YOUNG OBESE: 16 percent of the population over the age of 20 is considered obese more than twice

To deal with obesity, health centers carry out a wide range of work with the participation of nutritionists, psychologists, endocrinologists and cardiologists. “The gateway to online treatment is the Main Health Units. Patients who frequently seek medical attention for a variety of complaints receive the first monitoring to treat obesity,” the Department of Health explained.

Endocrinologist Alexandra Rubim says, “It’s not just about diet and physical activity: there’s a context for managing stress, sleeping well and drinking water.”

The doctor is the manager of the Specialized Diabetes, Obesity and Hypertension Center (CEDOH). On the site, a group of patients is accompanied “in different areas of life.” One of the last sources is the request for bariatric surgery, which occurs only after the patient is analyzed and the group is allowed to intervene.

“People are ashamed, they are judged. When it comes to a health service that they are welcome to listen to, it has a completely different effect,” says Alexandra.

  • The number of adolescents seeking bariatric surgery has increased in the last decade

“Obesity is not just a matter of will. It depends on the environment, the food supply. A person lives or works,” said Caroline Rebelo, a nutritionist who runs the Department of Health’s Nutrition Service. He says that often a family’s entire diet needs to be changed.

“It is a multifactorial disease, so there is no factor more important than the other for the development of obesity. It can be psychological problems, drug use, poor eating habits, sedentary lifestyle,” says the nutritionist.

For Caroline, education, sports, recreation, transportation and even social security measures are part of the fight against obesity as an expanding disease. “It is impossible to fight obesity without interdisciplinary action,” he explains.

‘I’m not thin, I’m not fat’

Scale person to check weight – Photo: Unsplash

Guara resident Regina Lopes has been following the social network for two years. He is 53 years old, 1.57 m tall and weighs 106 kilos.

Treatment began at UBS 1 near Regina’s home. While looking for a clinic because he thought he had “another disease,” he was seen by a doctor who referred the patient to the Specialized Diabetes, Obesity and Hypertension Center after learning he was obese.

“If every health professional acted in this way, perhaps the obesity rate in Brazil would not be so high. There should be sincerity between the patient and the health professional. It should also be between family members,” says Regina.

At CEDOH, he was accompanied by a nutritionist, an endocrinologist, a psychologist and a therapist. “It was a period of great acceptance and a lot of work, hard work,” he says.

With careful eating and exercise, Regina feels happy with the results. “I’m neither thin nor fat. I’m a cool weight. I feel good.”

How to calculate the level of obesity?

Man measures waist circumference, on photo – Photo: Michal Jarmoluk / Pixabay

Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal system diseases, psychological problems and cancer. Concerns have been raised about a new coronavirus pandemic that puts obese people at greater risk, longer hospital stays and a higher risk of death.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the criterion for determining whether a person is obese Body mass index (IMC). To calculate the index, you need to divide the weight in kilograms, squares of height, meters: BMI = weight (mass) / height 2.

The result shows four stages:

  • Overweight: BMI is equal to 25 kg / m²
  • Grade 1 obesity: BMI is more than 30 kg / m2 and less than 35 kg / m²
  • Grade 2 obesity: BMI is more than 35 kg / m² and less than 40 kg / m²
  • Grade 3 obesity and / or morbid obesityBMI is more than 40 kg / m²

For example: A person who weighs 100 kilos and is 1.60 m tall has to divide 100 by 1.6 X 1.6 = the result is 39, ie 2nd degree obesity.

VIDEO: One in four Brazilians is obese

A quarter of Brazilians are obese

A quarter of Brazilians are obese

Read other news from the region on g1 DF.

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