The disease is the second most killing in Brazil. The patient may experience pain during ejaculation or urination
In November, the Blue November campaign was set, focused on awareness and prevention of prostate cancer. The campaign began in Australia in 2003 and, because of its importance, won the world.
According to data from the National Cancer Institute (Inca), the disease is the second most killing in the country and the most prevalent in men. It is estimated that 68,000 new cases were diagnosed only this year. Pathology is more common in elderly men and has a higher incidence in black patients and who already have a family history is considered a high-risk group.
"It's important to have actions like this to prevent tumors with a higher incidence. In the past, lung cancer was the most diagnosed in men, today is the protector, "explains urologist Renato Prado Costa.
The doctor says that about 20 years ago, a blood test has been discovered that measures an indicator for the diagnosis of prostate cancer, prostate specific antigen (PSA). With this examination, it is possible to diagnose the disease even in the initial phase, providing greater possibilities for treatment and with different forms of treatment, such as radiotherapy, surgery or vigilance. According to Prado Costa, Amaral Carvalho Hospital performs approximately 450 prostate surgeries per year.
PSA and rectal screening should be performed at least once a year, starting at the age of 40 for high-risk patients. For men at low risk, prevention should begin at the age of 45 years.
Prado Costa points out that the disease is considered slow and that the repeat of the test every year is considered a good time, because during this time the tumor does not develop.
When discovered early, the chances of treatment are up to 90% in patients with prostate cancer. Although the tumor is treated, the lack of information, bias and shame are still obstacles preventing the monitoring and prevention of the male audience.
Although the patient does not always have symptoms, it is necessary to experience pain or burning when you ejaculate or urinate, you feel full bladder even after going to the bathroom and reducing the strength of the jet or increasing the number of times you feel like a maltreatment . Patients may also experience lumbar pain, under the navel or between the testicles and the anus.