Respiratory diseases and cold allergies are just some of the problems we face when temperatures drop.
"There are not yet flu viruses, but there are circulating viruses in society." When they take a little fridge, some viruses change with others, now those who cause infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract begin to appear, "said Dr. Gergana Nikolova , general practitioner at "Wake Up" at NOVA.
"In children, the complaints are fever, persistent coughing, and constant nasal runny nose." Young people tend to grow up in bronchiolitis, and in some cases they still need hospitalization, "he said.
According to her, people suffer more because they are subjected to systemic anxiety, eat unhealthy, have no time for sports and leave, there is no emphasis on eating fruits and vegetables.
Expectations are for four influenza viruses to attack us. The new flu strains are "Singapore" and "Colorado". In the winter "Michigan" and "Phuket" already known last winter.
"High temperature, muscle pain, you lose strength. It often starts with a throat and a dry, non-productive cough," explained Professor Todor Kantardzhiev.
Type A viruses are expected to dominate this season. They are older and the complications are mainly pulmonary infections. Influenza B spreads mainly among young people and the infection often affects the nervous system.
The first cases of influenza are likely to occur in Bulgaria in the second half of November. However, according to doctors, seasonal respiratory viruses, which have far fewer symptoms and do not cause serious complications, are now circulating here.
"When it's colder, the lining of the nose and the blood vessels shrink, the protective forces are falling, and that's what we're saying is" cold. "In fact, low temperature is a prerequisite for sticking some viral or bacterial infection, "explained Professor Kantardzhiev.
Unlike flu, seasonal viruses usually reach their feet and rarely cause complications. In both cases, however, it is good to prepare our body for infections, eating more vegetables and fruits and actively moving every day.
Experts recommend risk groups to vaccinate and health authorities plan to provide free immunization for people over 65 years of age. Doctors recall – if we become ill, self-medication can be particularly risky.
"When it comes to pure viral infection, as 90% is flu, antibiotics have no place. Not only will they not help but, on the contrary, they can add gastrointestinal tract irritation symptoms. "
This was said by the Chief State Health Inspector Dr. Angel Kunchev in an interview with FOCUS news agency yesterday. According to him, the practice of selling non-prescription antibiotics is a winning mechanism for pharmacies, but it should not be at the expense of people.
"Unlike in the past, when influenza viruses have always caused the epidemic, in recent years there has been a witness of parallel circulation of both B-strains and strains A. Maybe this has made the three-man manufacturers go to 4-malnutrition vaccines to be as broad as possible, "said Dr. Kuncev.
It clarified this through January will be the peak of the influenza epidemic and anti-influenza preparations should be taken on time. Dr. Kuncev advises people who have a weak immune system and are often ill for immunization. He explained that we must have two or three weeks before the virus, so we can take the necessary measures.
"It is very important that they are accepted on time, because those who have not developed resistance and are effective are the only means of illness that has already occurred." If you start a disease if you receive an antiviral preparation within the first 48 hours, it will have good and strong action If we try to get it all after we have developed all the symptoms of fever and we have a bed on a bed then we can not wait for the result to be good, "explained Dr. Angel Kunchev.
WHO: Antibiotics can kill if they are not taken or not