Friday , September 30 2022

5 rules to avoid diabetes


Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world. It tends to stick invisible and irreparable changes in health and well-being. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes can often be prevented by self-help. Aerial photography Marīte Šukele stresses that today, type 2 diabetes affects more and more young people and shares advice on how to deal with the risk of illness.

"2. Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes the body to develop insulin incorrectly. Insulin may be inadequate in the body, may be normal or even increased, but insulin in the cells is disrupted and the sugar of the blood remains high, sugar can not be prevented by reducing or eliminating sweets from the menu.To prevent the disease, it is necessary to give conditions in which the body can function normally, "explains the pharmacist.


Maintain normal body weight

  • Normal body weight improves the rational use of insulin in the body. On the other hand, overweight is considered the main risk factor for developing diabetes for both women and men.
  • As the body gets obese, the size and number of adipocytes increases, which complicates the penetration of glucose into the cells, which requires an increased amount of insulin – the pancreas is unable to produce it in the required amount.
  • With the increased need for insulin, metabolism changes and the body starts to function incorrectly.
  • The risk of developing diabetes is also determined by the placement of fat in the body. Upper obesity (apple obesity) increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes more than the oblique part of the body (pear).

To prevent diabetes, foods that provide all the necessary nutrients and minerals are valuable but do not encourage excessive weight gain. Each one the meal should be based on the so-called "principle of the dish", where half the dish is intended for vegetables.

  • Vegetables must be fresh.
  • If you prepare salads, then without fat sauces, they can be spilled with light olive oil and citrus sauce.
  • Protein products – meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, legumes and ¼ carbohydrates – must be provided for starch products.
  • Good choices are whole grains, such as wholemeal pasta, brown rice, various cereals and grains.

It is recommended to use only a small amount of healthy (unsaturated) fats, such as olive oil, rapeseed oil or linseed oil, for the preparation of meals.

  • The best option for cooking is the oven or cooked dishes where food can be cooked without excessive fat.
  • Excessive consumption of heavy meat, sweets, sweets, chocolate and other sweets should be avoided.
  • It must be at least 2 liters of water.
  • It is recommended that you plan regular meals and avoid misleading between meals to keep the menu healthy and balanced.
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