At the State Registry Business Center, which recently focuses on trying to "shut down" unpaid data provision to the media, there are even more strange things.
Earlier this summer, the Registry Center lost about 70%. will provide certificates for mobile signatures for users – over 200 thousand. customers. Telecoms companies, which have decided not to use the services of the Registry Center, but the Estonian company SK ID Solutions, have been "thrown". Esta, as businesses say, has provided safer certificates and more reliable solutions.
However, this change was accompanied by a series of peculiar overlapping questions that raised the question of whether the Estonian company did not find credible assistants in Lithuania who provided opportunities to establish themselves in this highly viable market.
The change was accompanied by a series of strange overlays that raise doubts about whether the Estonian company did not find credible assistants in Lithuania.
Once an electronic mobile phone signature in Lithuania becomes very demanding. Significant commercial banks in the country have already announced that from next fall, eBank customers will no longer be able to use code cards due to security requirements. You will have to choose other formats and the most recent one is called a mobile signature, which only requires the purchase of a special SIM card – there are no special code scanners or programs installed on computers.
It came shadow, then gave a recommendation
Two government centers providing certification services for electronically signed individuals – the Registry Center and then the Population Service at the Home Office – were created in 2008. Certificates from 2005 also provided a private Digital Center Certification Company.
However, the Mobile Signature Certificates, which the Communications Regulatory Authority oversees this market as the fastest growing service, were provided only by the Center for Certification of the Registrar Center. The four telecom operators Teledema, Tele2, Bitė Lietuva and Telia Lietuva spread their certificates with SIM cards.
After 2016 In the fall of parliamentary elections following the change in the beginning of Lithuania, the situation began to change in the State Statute of States. Already in 2017 There was talk of opaque designs that might have acted in this institution. At the end of the year, the media reported possible connections between the founder of the founder of EmeSolution Darius Grigalius, the head of the Center for Certification Center of the Registry Center, Mintangas Zaliuka and the supplier of EmeSolution.
The Research Directorate, LRT, has managed to obtain a secret record that shows how Saulius Urbanavičius, a former director of the Registry Center, who was previously in the Special Investigation Service, tried to convince M. Zaliuka to leave. The Certification Center manager offers a six-month stand-by compensation and explains who will wait if he does not.
"We have to ask questions, then you will submit your information, then we will look for answers to your other questions, then look, then, as they say, we will add something else to get these answers. there are some solutions on our part, then you will not agree with them, then we go to court, "S. Urbanavičius teaches the employee.
The LRT Research Department, the new head of the Registry Center, assured M. Zaliouka, "did not send pressure".
"I think this discussion is absolutely normal and there is no pressure there, and you can run this whole debate publicly." In this sense, it is perfectly normal, "he said.
S. Urbanavicius also acknowledged that he had signed the recommendation with consents to leave M.Zaliukas.
"The recommendation was again the agreement of the parties, as I said, it was such, they say, neutral, facts about the way in which he worked in the Registry Center, so I probably do not remember that there were no sanctions. the law, really, or to do some other actions, if we have data, there was ", – said S.Urbanavicius.
Sigismund Gedvilla / 15-minute photo / Saulius Urbanavičius
Mr Zaliukas himself is convinced that his dismissal from his post may lead to the possibility that the Mortgage Certification Service no longer exists in the Registry Center.
"It gives the impression that this is what they want to do, that a former Registrar leader in this field will just become a bad player and maybe later his activities will be abandoned," he told LRT's investigation department.
The recommendation of the Governing Board has raised doubts
However, last year, the accused of possible opaque decisions was based on the government's decision to change the Registry's subordination – to transfer the company from the Ministry of Justice under the auspices of the Ministry of Justice to the Ministry of Transport and Communications Rokas Masiulis.
This ministry took over the Recording Center just a year ago – in 2017. 15 November Just one day later, it was publicly announced that a new board of directors was formed, appointed by three representatives of the Ministry of Transport and Communications and two independent members – Eglė Radvilė , scientist of computer science and Egidijus Vaišvilas, financial and banking expert.
The question arises as to how the Ministry of Transport and Communications managed to bring the council only a day, although, according to the procedure adopted by the government, this process should last at least a month according to the requirements transparency. The Lietuvos rytas, who questioned the issue, could not get answers from the Ministry of Transport, nor with what criteria the board formed or what its independent members proposed.
Vytautė Šmaizytė, Advisor to the Minister of Transport and Communications, said the decisions were taken "at the Recording Center" identified a very serious risk of corruption ".
"In order to protect the interests of the state, in accordance with the requirements of the law, the Minister's mandate was created immediately by the active and professional Center of the Registry Center, while the formal selection procedures started for the selection and appointment of independent members to the Board" , the Minister of Counseling told Lietuvos Rita.
The loss was accompanied by overlaps
At the time of the new Center of Registry Centers, when the company was head of the interim directors (S. Urbanavičius was appointed only in June this year), decisions were taken, accompanied by surprising overlays, after which the Registry Center lost over 200 thousand. users of mobile signatures.
The decline began with the Regulatory Authority for Communications, as well as under the auspices of the Ministry of Transport, announcing that since 2005, a private digital certification center has been operational since February 12 this year. it will no longer be able to issue certified electronic signature certificates if the company does not prove that its services meet security requirements. Then, with the facilitation of the Digital Certification Center customers, including many medical institutions, Sodra and others, this term was extended until March and the license was permanently removed in May.
Although the Digital Certification Center has questioned the decision of the Communications Regulatory Authority and continues to prosecute, its customers, after calling on the Communications Regulatory Authority to select a new service provider, flooded the Posting Center. This, through its supplier, of the aforementioned EmeSolution, has blocked an additional e-mail. Signature service (USB storage) required.
However, the new Center of Registry Centers on March 3 decided the possible opaque markets to stop the deal with EmeSolution and recommended to the Registry Center to look for alternative suppliers that, as it turned out, simply do not exist. Mindaugas Samkus's press spokesman said that today the Registry Center has two contracts with EmeSolution, which are essential to ensure the provision of electronic signature services, and is actively seeking to ensure the quality and competitive provision of this service on the market.
However, at the time, the board of the Consumer Center, through its press releases, immediately proposed a "cheaper and more flexible" alternative – a mobile signature. At the same time, it was already known that the registration certificates of the registration center were due to stricter security requirements from 1 July. will expire. As a result, users of the Registrar Center, users of the mobile electronic signature, had to exchange SIM cards and thus obtain new certified e-signature certifications that meet the requirements for them.
In particular, the new models meeting the stringent requirements were proposed by the Estonian certification company SK ID Solutions, which started operating in Lithuania at the time.
"Bitė Lietuva" and "Telia Lietuva" have gone into estuaries and some of their customers have also been transferred to Tele2 – so the registration center lost more than 200,000. users. Only Teledemos and a part of Tele2's customers remained in the Lithuanian State Institution – a total of 37,000. users.
"Since the summer of this year, the EU has introduced new security requirements that should provide a significantly higher level of security for mobile signatures, which required a new model card." At that time, we had the SK ID Solutions proposal that took this decision and the Log Center. In general, the answer to the reason why we chose SK ID Solutions was very simple: because experience with the Center of Registry solutions was such that they were unable to ensure quality at a reasonable price of LU the next generation "- LRT Investigations Telia Lietuva spokesman Audrius Stasiulaitis told the department.
However, former Deputy Director of the Registry Center, Arvydas Bagdonavičius, World Bank Advisor, is now wondering if duplication has caused the relocation of communications businesses to an Estonian company.
"When another company comes in and occupies this place and something" keeps "not to develop it at the Posting Center, it directly creates several conspiracy theories, some issues that it was necessary to do," LRT said.
Shareholders – Scandinavian companies
Estonian SK ID Solutions can not be described as a new player on the Lithuanian market. He has been licensed by mobile operator Omnitel (now Telia Lietuva) for mobile signal certification services in Lithuania in 2005-2015, and was later named "Sertifitseerimiskeskus".
2016 The end of the certification service for mobile signatures at the outset – as it is said, due to the expiry of certificates that meet security requirements at that time – the Estonian company has not moved fully from Lithuania.
Director of the Registry Center S. Urbanavičius is convinced that solutions for SK ID Solutions have opened up the previous executives of the company.
"Let's say, in 2017, for reasons that have not yet been understood, an agreement with the same Estonian company on the provision of exclusive terms – at a reduced price of 4.5 times – was concluded. do not take into account the government's resolution, where prices are clearly set for other dealers and other participants "- he asks.
The former head of the Registry Center stated that the data for the Estonian company were sold in the same way as other market actors working with customer data identification. And SK ID Solutions presented at that time the Smart ID recognition solution, which is now being used by SEB and Swedbank.
This solution then offers links to other banks operating in Lithuania. However, they declined – as it was said, because they discovered that the system was created by SK ID Solutions, which manages two larger banks.
Who are the shareholders of this Estonian company? After 25 percent SK ID Solutions shares the headquarters of SEB and Swedbank. Another 50 percent has a subsidiary of the Swedish telecom company Telia in Estonia.
At Telia, only the Lithuanian branch, which at that time was called Omnitel, ten years ago, the current Chairman of the Document Center's Director E.Vaišvilas, who served as Director of General Affairs, worked for more than 10 years – so he was one of the leaders.
E. Vaisvilas, Director of Research, LRT, claimed that he did not support relations with his former colleagues and that SK ID Solutions, which manages the shareholders themselves, did not care.
"Oh, listen, it's hard to deny here, of course I did not. My ethical standards are still above all," he said.
However, according to the chairman of the Board of Directors of the Registry Center, who donates mobile signatures to the Estonian company, the market will be adequate for everyone.
"We do not want to restrict competition, yes, we believe that anyone who can offer a successful service must provide." We are one of the market participants, "said E. Vaišvilas for his position.
Kalevas Pihlas, head of SK ID Solutions, also claimed he had not sought a match between Lithuanian officials.
"We have hired a legal advisor, but it is a private law firm and, to our knowledge, has nothing to do with government officials," he said.
The Minister of Transport and Communications, appointed by the President of the Center for Recording Center, E. Vaiville, said it was very doubtful whether previous relationships between Vaira Vysvilis and Telia could influence current decisions.
"There were thousands of people in Telia," he said.
July Kalininga / 15 minutes. Photo / Rock Masiulis
The Minister of Transport also explained that the former Director of the Registry Center was responsible for the loss of mobile signatures. All decisions were taken before the start of the new Board of Directors.
"When it happened, it was too late to fix it, so the new leadership could not change anything in this place, but a check is in progress and it will be assessed who is responsible for it and who contributed to it," he said. Mr Masiulis.
Companies are interested
However, it is clear that the Listing Center has so far provided a mobile registration service to the players in the machine market.
In the spring of last year, the Lithuanian Business Confederation (LVK) and its chairman, Valdas Sutkus, joined the largest Lithuanian companies, as well as banks and communications companies, which were approached at the Ministry of Justice and Government at the time Subscriptions. The public authorities were informed that the mobile certification authority should be transferred to private companies.
"We have raised the issue that we may need to transfer this service to the market, we say that commercial services must be offered to the business, and state-owned enterprises should not seek a profit if they provide a monopoly service," said B. Sutkus at the Research Department of LRT.
Asked about what caused the appeal, he argued that the issue was raised by the LVK members.
"They see that an electronic signature is not working properly, which raises the question – why. There are also IT companies that believe that private businesses can handle this business with skills and abilities, and that is in line with our attitude towards entrepreneurial activity and the role of the state in doing business, "said the President of LVK.
Asked if Telia, as well as SEB and Swedbank, could have taken the initiative, V.Sutkus did not question it. «Δεν είμαι πλέον το ίδιο, με την έννοια ότι ήταν μια συγκεκριμένη εταιρεία, αλλά λέω ότι είναι όλος ο οποίος έχει σχέση με την παροχή αυτών των υπηρεσιών», είπε.
Ο S. Urbanavicius, ο επικεφαλής του Κέντρου Μητρώων, ερωτήθηκε εάν δεν προσπάθησε να διαπιστώσει εάν η SK ID Solutions χρησιμοποίησε τις σχέσεις της με τους μετόχους της, καθώς και τους υπαλλήλους του Κέντρου Μητρώων, για να επιτύχει τους στόχους της, δήλωσε ότι «πέρασε πολύς χρόνος από το Κέντρο Μητρώων», , οπότε είναι δύσκολο να απαντήσετε σε αυτήν την ερώτηση.
"Όπως γνωρίζουμε, πραγματοποιείται έλεγχος στο Υπουργείο Μεταφορών και Επικοινωνιών, ο οποίος ασφαλώς θα προσδιορίσει τις ζημιές που έχουν ήδη εντοπιστεί και, φυσικά, μετά τα πορίσματα του ελέγχου, πιστεύω ότι θα πρέπει να υπάρξει μια άλλη αξιολόγηση – για ζημίες και νομική ευθύνη", εξήγησε.
Τα χρήματα θα φύγουν από τη Λιθουανία
Ωστόσο, ο S.Urbanavicius αναγνωρίζει ότι, μετά τη μετάβαση στην εσθονική εταιρεία SK ID Solutions, οι περισσότεροι τηλεπικοινωνιακοί φορείς, τα χρήματα που υπήρχαν προηγουμένως στη Λιθουανία θα ληφθούν εκεί.
"Από τη μία πλευρά, δεν έχουμε πολύ υψηλά εισοδήματα, ένα σημαντικό μέρος των εσόδων σε σύγκριση με τις άλλες δραστηριότητες που διεξάγονται από το Κέντρο Μητρώων, αλλά, φυσικά, με την έννοια της φήμης, σημειώθηκαν πολύ σοβαρές ζημιές", ανέφερε.
Το Κέντρο Μητρώων υποδεικνύει ότι πέρυσι τα έσοδά του από την παροχή υπηρεσίας ηλεκτρονικής υπογραφής ανήλθαν σε 190 χιλιάδες. ευρώ Κατά τους πρώτους 10 μήνες του τρέχοντος έτους, το εισόδημα αυτό ανήλθε σε 110 χιλιάδες. Το επόμενο έτος θα είναι πιθανώς ακόμη χαμηλότερο, καθώς θα μεταφερθεί στην εσθονική εταιρεία που ελέγχεται από σκανδιναβικές τράπεζες.
Στο τέλος του Κέντρου Κέντρου Πιστοποίησης του Κέντρου Μητρώων, ο κ. Ζαλιούκας δηλώνει ότι μπορούν να γίνουν πολύ περισσότερα χρήματα από τη λειτουργία μιας κινητής υπογραφής της Λιθουανίας που έχει γίνει πραγματικός Λιθουανός.
"Για παράδειγμα, ε. υγειονομική υπηρεσία που παρέχει το Κέντρο Μητρώων. Περίπου 20 εκατ. Συναλλαγές, δηλαδή, και οι δύο εκδίδονται ηλεκτρονικές συνταγές και τοποθετούνται σε ετικέτες χρόνου και ηλεκτρονικές υπογραφές. Έτσι, το κράτος σώζει περίπου 800 χιλιάδες. – 1 εκατομμύριο ευρώ Εάν το Κέντρο Μητρώων δεν παρέχει αυτή την υπηρεσία με τα εργαλεία ηλεκτρονικής υπογραφής του, τότε θα ήταν απαραίτητο να το αγοράσει, γι 'αυτό είναι το ποσό που θα έπρεπε να διατεθεί από τον κρατικό προϋπολογισμό για ιδιωτική υποδομή, δηλαδή σε εσθονική εταιρεία ή κάποιον άλλο που μπορεί να εμφανιστεί ".