According to the World Health Organization, 15 million are the number of premature babies each year, accounting for more than one in 10 babies.
The World Prevention Day, celebrated on 17 November each year, is an opportunity to raise awareness of preterm births and to remind people of the urgent need to take measures to combat this public health problem.
Pregnancy is a unique experience in the life of any future mother ending with the arrival of a small being who will change the life of his parents forever. Unfortunately, it is not unusual for this period to be interrupted due to complications that lead to maternal or baby health risks. Indeed, premature births (between the 32nd and 37th weeks of pregnancy) are more frequent than we imagine. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 15 million are premature babies each year, accounting for more than one in 10 babies. About one million die due to complications associated with premature life and many survivors suffer from life incapacity, including learning, visual and acoustic disorders.
World Premiere Day, celebrated every November 17, is an opportunity to raise awareness of preterm births and remind people of the urgent need to take measures to address this public health problem. "Early life is due to a number of reasons: Most premature births occur spontaneously, but some are due to an early onset of contractions or a caesarean section, for medical or non-medical purposes. diabetes and hypertension, but it often happens that the cause is not detected, there would also be a genetic effect, a better understanding of the causes and mechanisms would promote the development of prevention solutions, "says WHO. And adding that "World premature life is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age.
In nearly all countries with reliable data, premature birth rates are rising. Survival rates show impressive inequalities from one country to another. In low income countries, half the babies born at 32 weeks (2 months too early) die due to the lack of affordable and affordable care such as breastfeeding, breastfeeding and basic care for the treatment of children. infections and respiratory problems. In high income countries, almost all of these babies survive. Inadequate use of technology in a middle income environment results in more disabilities for premature infants surviving in the neonatal period. "
In Morocco, about 60,000 newborns per year need rehab, and over 50% are premature infants. According to a joint study by UNICEF, the WHO, the World Bank and UN-DESA, the Kingdom has made progress in reducing child mortality, generally related to premature births, from 63/1000 in 1990 to 23/1000 2016. Neonatal mortality decreased from 36 to 18 per 1,000 during the same period. Nevertheless, the care of these babies is still lacking. Indeed, in rural areas and small towns, it is almost impossible to take care of a premature newborn or a respiratory difficulty. Even in large cities, hospitals are not well equipped to save lives and often send parents to private clinics that charge excessive prices between 3,000 and 10,000 DH per day. Many families are unable to pay these fees to keep their babies alive and sometimes they have to choose to stop taking care or to prevent death.