Psoriasis was declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the 5th most important chronic non-communicable disease, along with diseases such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Psoriasis affects more than 400,000 people in Romania (about 2% of the population) and about 125 million people worldwide.
Although psoriasis is not contagious, patients with psoriasis continue to be stigmatized by society
One important thing to remember is that psoriasis is not contagious. The reluctance manifested by many of us when it comes to contacting a person suffering from this situation is therefore totally unjustified. Unfortunately, as a result of the relative stigma, the disease has serious psychosocial and professional implications, people with psoriasis are sometimes distinguished and isolated.
Therefore, it is not surprising that the psoriasis patient has reached a psychological comfort equal to or even higher than that diagnosed with cancer.
What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that occurs in a genetic background under the influence of certain activating agents. The disease affects equally between women and men, with the average starting age range from 15 to 30 years but can occur at any age, including children.
The exact causes of psoriasis are unknown. However, it is confirmed that the disease is linked to the immune system and that there is a genetic predisposition for the development of this condition and mental and emotional stress is an important factor that causes a worsening of the disease.
Disease does not only affect the skin, joints and nails but also has many other co-morbidities: diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity, stroke, atherosclerosis, depression. As a result of these aggregations, life expectancy can be reduced up to 5 years.
"Psoriasis is more of a skin disease, is a condition that passes through the skin barrier and has many co-morbidities. Thus, a patient with vulgar psoriasis may have a severity of the associated disease several times higher than a patient without this condition. Therefore, in its treatment, interdisciplinary consultation should not be neglected, having the dermatologist as a central pillar"Says Dr. Calin Giurcăneanu.
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The main symptoms of psoriasis
The most common symptoms of this condition include:
- red, inflammatory skin lesions with various well defined shapes and sizes.
- white peeled scuame (scratches) at the level of lesions, which easily detach;
- dry skin that sometimes cracks and bleeds;
- itching, irritation or burning.
The areas where injuries usually occur are elbows, knees, scalp, lumbar region of the back. In some cases, psoriasis can also spread to nails or palms or to any area of the body.
How to Treat Psoriasis
Psoriasis can remain under control with local therapies, biological treatment solutions, but it is only given as directed by your doctor. Lifestyle also plays a very important role in managing psoriasis and consists of a balanced diet, movement, anxiety management and a positive mental state.
"Psoriasis can be controlled and treated if it is well managed and, fortunately, there are more and more solutions to biological treatment. In this chapter, Romania is just as good as other countries, such as Germany and France, and we can offer patients the latest treatments for psoriasis. Therapies are affordable, compensated, many of which are free of charge"Explains Dr. Alin Nicolescu, primary dermatovenerologist, Secretary General of the Romanian Dermatological Society.
At the www.psoriazis.info platform, people with psoriasis as well as those who are interested can learn more about the disease, ask questions from doctors, get expert advice or share history.
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