Saturday , August 20 2022

Mental Health Tips – Life


The overall goal of World Mental Health Day (October 10) is to raise awareness about mental health problems around the world and to mobilize the ability to support mental health.

This year, World Mental Health Day is celebrated under the motto: “Mental health: make it a reality for everyone” and allows all stakeholders dealing with mental health issues to work to make mental health services accessible to all people.

More than 18 months have passed since the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus pandemic. In all countries, the pandemic has had a major impact on people’s mental health. In some countries, life returns to the illusion of normalcy; in others, hospital admissions and admissions remain high.

Some groups, such as health and other frontline workers, students, people living alone, and those with a history of mental illness, were particularly affected. At the same time, a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in mid-2020 clearly showed that health services are at significant risk for mental, neurological and substance abuse diseases during a pandemic.

Still, there is reason to be optimistic. During the World Health Assembly in May 2021, governments around the world recognized the importance of improving the quality of mental health services at all levels and approved the World Health Organization’s Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan for 2013-2030. measure progress.

It is time for government leaders to use this renewed energy to provide quality mental health care to all!

Mental health can have a significant impact on all areas of life, education, work performance, relationships with family and friends, and ability to function in society. Approximately 800 million people (10.7%) worldwide live with some mental health disorder.

Economic costs caused by mental disorders account for more than 4% of world GDP, depression is a major cause of disability, and more than 800,000 suicides occur worldwide each year.

In 2019, the WHO estimates that 4.3% of the population in Europe will be depressed. In the 2019 Serbian Population Health Survey, 2.1% of the population showed symptoms of depression, although according to respondents, a slightly higher percentage of depressed patients (4.3%). .

Depression symptoms are significantly higher in women (2.8%) than in men (1.5%), in the population over 75 (7.1%), in the poorest (4.4%) and in the lowest level of education (4.6). was. %).

Therefore, efforts should be made to improve the mental health of the individual and society as a whole, to promote mental well-being, to prevent mental disorders, and to increase access to quality mental health services while respecting human rights.

Many people have made significant changes in their daily routines due to restricted movement measures to reduce the number of people infected with Covid. We are witnessing a new reality of working from home, temporary unemployment, raising children at home and not having physical contact with family members, friends and colleagues.

It is the responsibility of all of us to adapt to lifestyle changes, to fight the fear of infection, and to care for our loved ones, especially those who are vulnerable, such as the mentally ill.

Fortunately, there are many ways to maintain mental health and help others in need of additional support and care.

Here are some tips we hope will be useful for you:

  • Follow reliable sources of information, such as local and national television and radio. Listen to the advice and recommendations of official bodies. Stay up to date with the latest news from the World Health Organization on social media.
  • Follow a daily routine and follow it as much as possible.
  • Get up and go to bed at the same time every day.
  • Follow the rules of personal hygiene.
  • Eat regularly, at regular intervals, and try to keep your food healthy.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Set a time for work and time for rest.
  • Make time for the things you enjoy.
  • Reduce the number of news sources. Try to reduce the frequency of reading or listening to irritating news. At certain times of the day, seek the latest information once or twice a day as needed.
  • Social communication is important. If you have limited mobility, communicate with people close to you by phone and social media.
  • Avoid alcohol and psychoactive substances to combat fear, anxiety, boredom, and social isolation. Harmful alcohol use is associated with an increased risk of infection and worse treatment outcomes. Remember that alcohol and drug use can prevent you from taking the necessary precautions to prevent infections, such as hand hygiene.
  • Calculate how much time you spend in front of the screen per day. Make sure you take regular breaks from activities in front of the screen. Avoid video games to relax, it can be tempting, but you spend more time than ever because you stay home longer. Balance all activities in your daily work.
  • Use your social media accounts to promote positive stories. Correct the wrong information where you see it.
  • Help others. If possible, support people in need in your community.
  • Learn something new. New experiences, such as learning new skills, can change the function and basic structure of the brain. Learning a new language, playing, and mentally stimulating leisure activities (chess or cognitive games) increase resilience and prevent cognitive decline, especially in the elderly.
  • Support health professionals. Take the opportunity online or through your community to thank the health workers in your country and everyone working to fight, prevent, and treat COVID-19 infection and its consequences.

In the Republic of Serbia, the National Telephone Line was opened to provide psychological support to all citizens in need of mental health protection during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The telephone number 0800 309 309 is free of charge from all mobile and fixed networks from 00 to 24 hours for psychological assistance to citizens.

The text is taken from the portal of the Belgrade City Institute of Public Health

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