Two million IT specialists will be missing in the European Union for two years. This is despite the fact that this region is one of the best in the labor market, including Slovakia.
According to the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, the average monthly salary in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) was EUR 1,714 per year. A total of 57,000 IT specialists have worked in this area in Slovakia.
"Even in 2010, there were fewer than 40,000 people. The number of people in the ICT sector is increasing, but market demands are getting bigger as many areas of our lives digitize more, so Slovakia feels lack of IT, said Slovenka Sporitelna Lenka Buchláková. The IT sector has also seen sales growth in Slovakia in recent years. Since 2010, sales have increased by 37.5% to 6.3 billion Euros in 2017.
Computer specialists for men are still far more than women. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) states that in one of its Member States only one of the 200 girls at the age of 15 wants to work in the IT sector, with boys one in 20. At the same time, as many boys as girls expect to become engineers, scientists or architects.
According to the analyst, despite the fact that higher education ends in more women than men in OECD countries, only 24% of engineering graduates and 25% of IT graduates are women. According to the European Statistical Office (Eurostat), the share of women in IT has fallen within the EU over the last ten years. While their share of IT was 22.5 percent in 2010, it was a little over 17 percent in 2017.
This trend is not limited only to IT workers but also to the business sector. Only ten of the innovative businesses wishing to invest in venture capital have founded women. At the same time, they receive 23% less money than men create.
"If more people, including women, could be attracted to the IT sector, it would also generate economic growth in the Union, with more than 1.2 million jobs created by 2050. Gross domestic product could thus increase by 820 billion euros so far, "the analyst added.