Wednesday , October 5 2022

Antimicrobial resistance, cause of 700,000 deaths: experts



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Resistance to antibiotics is the ability of bacteria to defeat drugs designed to kill them by making them superbugs. The inability of antibiotics to kill these superbugs can lead to difficulty in treating infections.

Karachi- The World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) 2018 has been observed since November 12th until 18 Novemberth.

In relation to this week of awareness, Pfizer Pakistan has expressed its commitment to fighting its threat antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which affects people around the world.

Medical experts have revealed that antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has led to 700,000 deaths around the world. It has been reported that the number of deaths will reach 10 million by the year 2050 unless early precautions are taken.

AMR can affect anyone, regardless of age or the environment. It occurs when pathogens change and find ways to resist the effects of antibiotics. These pathogens survive, develop and spread their resistance, leading to AMR.

If no solution can be found, serious consequences of AMP could arise. Due to AMR, minor infections and injuries could become life threatening and serious infections such as pneumonia could become inappropriate. In addition, it was reported that various routine medical procedures could be very dangerous to carry out because of the risk of secondary contamination.

Country Director, Pfizer Pakistan, Mr. SM Wajeeh, said that; "We at Pfizer are fully aware of this important issue of Anti-microbial Resistance (AMR) and we work with the relevant stakeholders to help manage it. On this occasion, we are pleased to work with Pakistan's Medical Microbiology and Pathological Disease (MMIDSP), which is leading the way for AMP awareness in Pakistan. Pfizer's core values ​​remain focused on the well-being of our patients and work together on programs that positively affect health in Pakistan. "

MDIDSP President Dr Aamer Ikram spoke about the Pakistan Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Institute (MMIDSP) and its Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR) initiatives through the ASIP Initiative Antibiotic Management Initiative.

This Pakistan Infectious Diseases Society has organized several events in collaboration with Pfizer Pakistan to raise awareness and provide training both at the institutional and community levels, addressing the issue of excessive use of antibiotics, leading to AMP.

Society also addressed important actors and policy makers within and outside the government to co-operate in addressing AMR at national level.

In another case based on the observation of WAAW 2018, advisory diseases at the Indus Hospital in Karachi, Dr. Tahreem Ansari said that resistance to antibiotics is the ability of bacteria to defeat the drugs they intend to kill by making them superbugs. The inability of antibiotics to kill these superbugs can lead to difficulty in treating infections.

"The failure of antibiotics at work has economic, physical and psychological effects, it can cause illnesses to last longer, requiring frequent visits to a doctor, prolonged stay in the hospital and treatment with expensive antibiotics." In some cases, antibiotic-resistant infections lead to organ failure or even death, "Dr. Tahreem added.

Professor Dr Khalid Hussain Mahida has said that antibiotics are not effective against viral infections such as common cold, flu, sore throats, bronchitis and many infections of the vagina and ear. The widespread use of antibiotics for these diseases is an example of how excessive use of antibiotics can promote the spread of antibiotic resistance. Intelligent use of antibiotics is the key to controlling the spread of resistance.

He added that in Pakistan the percentage of unnecessary antibiotics is 88.9% for self-limiting infections of the upper respiratory tract.

He stressed that people should only use antibiotics when prescribed by a certified healthcare professional and should always take the full prescription even if you feel better during the course because completing the prescribed dosage will not help bacteria become resistant to antibiotics.

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